Hypertension

JNC 8 Classification
Category Systolic Diastolic
Normal <120 <80
Pre-HTN 120–139 80–89
Stage 1 HTN 140–159 90–99
Stage 2 HTN ≥160 ≥100

BP in mmHg. Average ≥2 measurements >1–2 min apart. Confirm stage 1 w/in 1–4 wk; can Rx stage 2 immediately.

( J Clin HTN 2014;16:14 ; Circ 2018;138:e426 )
2017 AHA/ACC BP Classification
Category Systolic Diastolic
Normal <120 <80
Elevated BP 120–129 <80
Stage 1 HTN 130–139 80–89
Stage 2 HTN ≥140 ≥90

Epidemiology (JAMA 2014;311:1424; Circ 2018;138:e426)

  • Prevalence ~30% adults, ≥44% in African-Americans; M = F